Should Disc Golf Warm Up To Cannabis?

By Ben Owens ~

Cover art

As the popularity of disc golf grows, the sport’s relationship with cannabis is also evolving. Historically, disc golfers were stereotyped as “pot heads,” a negative image that groups such as the Professional Disc Golf Association (PDGA) have worked to overcome by legitimizing the sport. More recently, disc golf has developed to the level of other established sports, while cannabis has become legal in some form in more than half the country.

As groups like Major League Baseball remove cannabis from the list of prohibited substances, and more pro athletes come out about their cannabis use on and off the field, it seems more relevant than ever to examine disc golfers’ attitudes toward cannabis.

To do this, I’ll break down the PDGA’s stance on cannabis as well as review preliminary findings from a survey of current and past PDGA members.

The PDGA and Cannabis

Cannabis Sponsors

Vice industries have been big sponsors for sports entertainment, often filling a void of funding that would otherwise make major sporting events impossible. With recent changes in state legislation, some cannabis brands are now looking to sponsor disc golf events. The big question moving forward is, how will the PDGA respond?

Prior to the PDGA’s recent update of its Sponsorship & Advertising Policy, the rules governing sponsorship from the cannabis industry were murky. The PDGA had always excluded sponsors that promoted “illegal activity,” but did not specify whether state or federal laws would be used as its standard of unlawful conduct.

However, its current policy, updated November 20, 2019, states: “The PDGA does not accept advertising or sponsorships for products or services that promote federally and nationally illegal activities or controlled substances or that are judged to be demeaning or sexually explicit.” The new policy clarifies the legal ambiguity and sides with federal law, which seems reasonable given the PDGA’s status as a national organization with global reach.

The updated policy also added CBD products to its list of sponsorships that “require specific consideration and approval on a case-by-case basis by the PDGA Board of Directors.”

Still, whether these rules will continue to evolve with shifts in state legislation and as more cannabis companies enter the advertising space remains an interesting question. As discussed previously in Parked, the PDGA allowed the cannabis company AbsoluteXtracts to serve as the title sponsor of the 2019 San Francisco Open. At that time, PDGA Board of Directors President Justin Menickelli said that he didn’t think the PDGA would “seek a sponsor of this nature for the National Tour or any of our Majors.” Menickelli’s comments are in line with the stated scope of the PDGA’s policy, which is intended to guide sponsorship of “Elite Series and above events.”

The PDGA takes a different stance on alcohol sponsors. Although hard liquor companies are excluded, beer companies have been allowed to sponsor major events, and alcohol use is permitted at some sanctioned events (L-Tier) so long as players are not demonstrably intoxicated or breaking local laws.

Cannabis Use

PDGA rules on the use of cannabis are straightforward: “Public display or use of alcohol at PDGA events sanctioned at B-Tier or higher, or of marijuana at PDGA events sanctioned at any Tier level, even where otherwise lawful or permitted, from the two-minute warning to the time the player’s scorecard is submitted,” constitutes a violation of the player conduct standard and is grounds for immediate disqualification.

Complicating matters some, the PDGA has recently taken a progressive stance on Hemp and CBD products. As of November 2019, the association allows the use of CBD products with less than 0.3% THC. Inhaled CBD products must adhere to the same restrictions that apply to tobacco use and comply with all respective local laws and regulations.

Going forward, the PDGA faces the challenge of growing disc golf into a “globally-recognized competitive sport,” while also responding to the complex and rapidly changing legal environment involving cannabis and cannabis-related products and companies. Adding to this challenge, the PDGA is a players’ association that must respond to local interests and the views of its membership.

So, what do the players’ think about cannabis?

Disc Golfers and Cannabis

One of the only strong data points for this inquiry is Infinite Discs’ 2015 State of Disc Golf Survey, which asked more than 5,000 disc golfers to indicate which “extracurricular activities” they participated in while on a disc golf course. Roughly 25 percent of respondents said they had smoked marijuana. No previous study has examined the attitudes of disc golfers toward cannabis-related companies sponsoring tournaments.

The Survey

In December 2019, I created an anonymous survey and posted an invitation to participate on my personal Facebook page and a few disc-golf related social media sites. I also invited a handful of players I know, including some professional disc golfers. The only requirement was to be a past or present member of the PDGA. I sent a survey link to each person who responded to my invitation.

Respondents were presented with three questions regarding tournament sponsors from the cannabis industry. I also asked a few open-ended questions and collected some demographic data. The results described below are preliminary, as data collection is ongoing.


So far, a total of 79 disc golfers have answered the survey. The respondents are from 21 different states and Canada. Many (36 percent) are from Colorado, and 67 percent live in an area that has some form of legal cannabis (17 respondents did not identify their locations). The sample is dominated by disc golfers who have consumed cannabis (92 percent have used cannabis at some point in their lives). Among the users, 58 percent consume cannabis daily, and 82 percent have used it while playing disc golf.

Quantitative Results

The preliminary findings show that most respondents are okay with cannabis companies sponsoring disc golf tournaments. Roughly 76 percent of respondents agree or strongly agree that cannabis sponsors should be allowed at tournaments. Most respondents (66 percent) disagree or strongly disagree that associating with legal cannabis companies is harmful to the sport. A wide majority of respondents (92 percent) say that they are willing to participate in an event that has a cannabis sponsor.

Other Insights

A few respondents offered written comments. For instance, one person commented, “Cannabis helps me focus while playing disc golf and I think it should be allowed always.” Others indicated that all substances, including tobacco and alcohol, should be prohibited at tournaments. “Competition is no longer a level playing field if people can drink, smoke or use other drugs to ‘relax’ or keep a level head during play. Sorry not sorry.”

The Takeaway

As a small, non-scientific survey, the representativeness of these data is unknown. Yet, the results are still interesting.

As the PDGA monitors cannabis-related shifts in law and public perceptions, it should remain aware that many of its members live in areas where both the stigma attached to marijuana and the legal penalties for using it are minimal or non-existent. The results described above are likely indicative of the views of such members. The key takeaway from this small-scale study is that further research is needed to better understand the views of PDGA members, particularly those members living in states where some form of cannabis consumption is legal.

In the future, as more states legalize cannabis, we can expect that more people will think positively of cannabis, fewer people will buy into the pejorative “pot head” stereotype, and more disc golfers will tolerate, if not welcome, cannabis-related sponsors of tournaments.


Ben Owens is a journalist and tournament organizer based in Colorado. He has published widely on the cannabis industry and culture. Owens is the founder of Discs-n-Dabs®, disc golf tournaments designed to combine cannabis and disc golf in the great outdoors.


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Parked is an educational blog that encourages authors throughout the world to share their views on disc golf. For this reason, the ideas expressed on this site are the views of particular individuals, not those of Parked or its sponsors.

5 thoughts on “Should Disc Golf Warm Up To Cannabis?

  1. Thought provoking piece, thank you. I think there exists in the DG community an ethos that the sport is great because it is so social and ease of entry. As long as this prevails, the sport will attract more adult white males who like to party and play.

    Look at any DG event and who do you see, and what do you see them doing? Dudes hugging, laughing, throwing discs and partying.

    And deep down, while all players want more courses, they will really hate it when their card includes kids, women, and the tournies and events become more inclusive. I think a lot of DG ers don’t want change at all.

    The survey I would like to launch is to a receptive audience of people considering the sport for themselves or their kids to see what they perceive DG to be. I would be happy to contribute to that research.

    Thanks again. I always look forward to your pieces.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Interesting take on the dominant culture of disc golf, Jim.

      I’ve been studying disc golf culture for three years, and I’m still not quite sure about the main motivations of the majority of disc golfers. But your theory — what I might term a ‘uses and gratifications’ perspective — may hold up. I know of several clubs that began simply as a few guys getting in some buddy time (three friends who wanted to get outdoors, free from the stresses of everyday life, play a fun game that’s easy to learn but hard to master, and elevate the experience with drugs, alcohol, goofing around, and building friendships).

      And then three guys become six guys, and some groups continue to grow, with several members becoming more serious about improving and winning, organizing events, building courses and so forth. But I wonder if the ‘buddy time’ origin of some disc golf clubs constrains the club from becoming too serious or bureaucratic, while also perpetuating a casual culture devoted to hedonistic consumption and a desire to play with close friends (“I hope get on a ‘fun card’ today!”), which leads to exclusiveness and hampers the growth of diverse disc golf communities.

      In any case, please consider researching and writing on this topic for Parked. Here’s our call for contributors: And feel free to contact me at if you’d like talk about a survey or article idea.


  2. No problem with disc golfers using before, during or after a round,it really isn’t that big of a deal any more.Great article.


  3. Doesn’t seem like a very objective survey. 67% of respondents live in an area with some form of legal cannabis??

    And the author put the invitation on his personal page, and he puts on “Discs-n-Dabs®, disc golf tournaments designed to combine cannabis and disc golf in the great outdoors”???

    It’s obvious that the results of this survey will be skewed toward favoring cannabis, compared to the general population of the US.

    I am personally fairly new to the sport. I recently joined a club for a round of glow disc (after dark), and was astonished at the amount of vaping and cannabis use there. In my state, medicinal use is legal, but not recreational use.

    The ones in my group were also joking about the FBI not liking what one guy had in a vape, so it may have been something harder than marijuana. I was disappointed by this, I would love to bring friends and kids to events like this, but it was not the family friendly atmosphere that I thought it was.

    The high level of profanity, and vulgar music, didn’t help either. The profanity seemed to increase the more stoned they became. Not my idea of family-friendly fun.


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